Furoshiki is the Japanese art of wrapping things in cloth. It is not known exactly when it appeared. But on engravings dated to the 2nd century A.D. e., there are already images of women carrying bundles of fabrics on their heads. Furoshiki bag analogs are found in many cultures, but only in Japan this hobby has gained such scope. The stage of greatest development occurred in the 7th-8th centuries AD. e.
The word “furoshiki” itself can be translated as “mat for going to the bath.” They took a rug with them to stand on it when changing into a bathing kimono, they wrapped a street kimono and a bathing kimono after water procedures in it. Over time, pieces of fabric began to be used to carry various items. And although now there is no practical need for this art, it continues to be popular both in Japan and in other countries of the world.
There are no restrictions on the use of the furoshiki technique. You can use it in everyday life, at themed parties or to decorate a gift. From a small piece of fabric, you can build a bag, a bag, just a package for a thing, or even a briefcase.
This art can be applied in four cases:
- when you need to move something;
- when you need to wrap a gift beautifully;
- when you need to pack something to save the item;
- for home and table decoration.
In order to transfer something, you can roll your bag over your shoulder or to carry it in your hands. It may be a bag to carry it on the head, although this is now rarely seen. A hanging fabric bag for carrying a child in front can also be made using this technique.
And although such an accessory will look very unusual, you need to remember that if you need to get a thing out of the bag, you will need to completely or partially untie it. And if you need to collect products from the store in such a bag, for example, you will need a separate place for this. This is not very convenient in the reality of the European way of life. Although for fashionable students, such a bag will be an excellent alternative to heavy frame bags. It is worth considering in advance which scheme to use.
Even the most unsightly gift will look good in a beautiful fabric wrapper. Rigid, soft or flowing fabrics will create a unique wrap. For this purpose, bright canvases with patterns are usually used. Over many centuries of development of this art, packaging schemes for any form have accumulated. For example, for bottles (one, two or even three), books, rectangular and square objects, dishes, souvenirs or flors.
And also this technique is used when you need to save something for a long time. It is worth saying that one of the reasons for the appearance of this art was precisely the need to preserve food. Unlike European residents, the Japanese did not need to store food for a long time. Food could be obtained all year round, so food was not stored for more than 3–4 days. Some analogue of this purpose of furoshiki can be the habit of our grandmothers to wrap clothes and objects in cloth before putting them away for storage.
Furoshiki is used not only for packing items during transportation, but also for decorating your own home. For example, when decorating bottles, vases, floor lamps. The decoration of flor pots and kitchen utensils in fabric deserves special mention. In addition, the Japanese practice wrapping sets and sets. In addition, each candy must be wrapped in a separate flap. Fruit may be packed together.
There are no restrictions on the materials used in furoshiki. It all depends solely on the desire of the designer and the specific circumstances. In Japan, bright fabrics are very fond of, which they use for needlework. We give general recommendations for the most common cases.
To create bags, it is best to use durable, dense, but not very heavy fabrics. Batiste, Bengalin, velor, gabardine and staple fabrics are suitable. As ll as jacquard and diagonal material. Such materials are characterized by lightness, ar resistance, simplicity. It is also important that they almost do not change their shape, which means that a piece of fabric will last longer. The material can be plain or patterned depending on your style of clothing.
There are no restrictions in materials for decorating a house, in general. But it is recommended not to use fleecy fabrics such as velvet, velor, corduroy, as they will collect dust and lint. For small items, it is better to use fabrics with a high drape characteristic. For example, cambric, staple, chiffon, silk and Madonna.
In order to pack an item “in a long box”, you can use both old sheets and specially purchased fabric. Suitable for cotton, linen and chiffon fabrics.
In order to pack a gift, it is recommended to take patterned, loose materials. This is dictated by the fact that if it is planned to make a handle when packing a small item, then it will be easier to do it from soft and thin materials. If you do not plan to leave handles and knit large knots, then there are no restrictions on materials. Silk, cambric, jacquard, velvet, chiffon, guipure, viscose, velor, satin and polyester are ll suited.
The size of the segment can be any convenient. Traditionally in Japan, square pieces of fabric re used with sides of 48 cm, 52 cm, 70 cm, 100–105 cm, 128 cm, 174 cm, 195 cm.
Experts recommend starting with a segment measuring 40x80 cm. If you plan to use a material with a pattern, then see in advance how the pattern will “fold”.
Here are some examples of how you can diversify your life with the help of a piece of fabric and the technique of wrapping objects.
Wrapper for two bottles
We need a piece of material diagonally equal to three times the length of one bottle.
- We fold the bottles so that the necks look at different angles of the same diagonal, and there is a gap of 7–8 cm beten the bottoms.
- We twist the “roll” of fabric with the “stuffing” of the bottles.
- Fold in half so that the bottles are next to each other. Tie a knot from the corners above the necks.
It will be difficult to put such a structure, but you can hang it.
Consider how to quickly fold a bag (for example, let’s take a student version with books):
- need a segment so that four book widths fit in the diagonal;
- will divide all the books into two parts, and put them along the edges of the segment;
- now let’s wrap the remaining corners (closest to them) on them and fold them again so that the covers are completely hidden under the fabric, and the books themselves are nearby;
- shift each free end of the canvas to the opposite side;
- turn the structure over, tie the free ends of the canvas with a knot at the height need.
Bed linen packaging
How to pack a stack of linens for storage:
- spread the material in 3 stack heights;
- put a stack in the center;
- alternately tie diagonally opposite ends of the material;
- tuck the hanging “ears” inward to completely hide the stack.
Packing a round object
With the help of furoshiki, you can beautifully wrap a rounded object (for example, a case):
- choose such a piece of fabric so that it is equal to two lengths of the case;
- put the case on one of the corners, and wrap the “roll”;
- wrap the corners sticking out of the case so that the end of the “roll” does not fall out;
- form a beautiful knot or bow.
Furoshiki is a beautiful traditional Japanese art that will help bring harmony and beauty to life.
For information on how to wrap a gift using the furoshiki technique, see the following video.